कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते मा फलेषु कदाचन
मा कर्मफलहेतुर्भूर्मा ते सङ्गोऽस्त्वकर्मणि | |
You have a right to perform your prescribed duties, but you are not entitled to the fruits of your actions. Never consider yourself to be the cause of the results of your activities, nor be attached to inaction.


  • Action are Louder Than Words

    1. Traverse from 'compliance-leadership' to 'commitment- leadership.'
    2. Leader believes in 'bhakti', 'shakti' & 'ukti'.
    3. A leader is a dealer as well as a broker of dreams.
    4. A yogi believes in contemplation, self denial and tolerance. So does a leader.
    5. A leader customises the abstract ideas.
    6. A leader undertakes the journey from being an outer king to an inner sage.
    7. A leader honours the diversity of situations.
    8. Leaders design and actualise the agenda of change.
    9. leaders take the route less travelled.
    10. Are you responding as a parrot, a peacock, a vulture or an eagle?
    11. Are you liked, feared or respected?
    12. Know the difference between doing the things right and doing the right things.
    13. Invite attention through vision, add meaning through communication, create trust through positioning, generate regard through attitude.
    14. Think out your actions: are they necessary, desirable and possible.
    15. Actions speak louder than words.
    16. Evolve with your 'sense of shape.'
    17. Are you giving solutions or future problems?
    18. Power emerges from position, knowledge and charisma.
    19. Evaluate the scope for inclusion, affiliation and influence.
    20. Always keep the big picture in mind.
    21. Decision making moves around conceptual clarity, contextual alignment and optimising handicaps.
    22. Every person is same and yet different.
    23. Values are cocentric circles.
    24. Competence be coupled with values.
    25. Recognise the importance of filters.
    26. Align, calibrate and follow up.
    27. Coming together is the beginning, keeping together is the progress, working together is success.
    28. Keep in mind : 'desh', 'kaal', 'patra' and 'yagya.'
    29. Undertake the journey from tamsik (mechanical frozen structure) to satvik (dynamic organic state)
    30. Follow 'one step ahead' approach of change.
    31. Dgp means decision, guidance and protection.
    32. 'Aaa' certificate for cops: accessability, availability and accountability.
    33. Security is preservation of the way of life.

    Eight 'is' can form a 'we'
    • Individual excellence
    • Importance to all
    • Interdependence
    • Investment in others
    • Information sharing
    • Integration with members
    • Institutionalisation
    • Integrity

    How to go about for change:
    • Establish a sense of urgency
    • Create guiding coalition
    • Develop vision & strategy
    • Communicate 'change' vision
    • Empower broad based action
    • Generate short term wins
    • Consolidate and produce more change.
    • Anchor new culture

  • Basics of Life

    Forgive and forget in order to be happy and maximise inner bliss.
    People are what they are, don’t let their idiosyncrasies hamper you or diminish your inner bliss.
    Life is a single file march but you mature through the contingent you choose to be in.
    Let people not take you for granted. Let people not take advantage of your helplessness. It has been empirically observed that minimum economic and social standing is necessary to ward off against the exploitation. It is also necessary to reap maximum advantage out of the set of available opportunities.
    Life is like a stream of water- don’t convert it into a pond least it becomes stale.
    I must tell you that following never go waste:
    Good deeds
    Good behaviour
    Healthy relations
    I must also tell you that when nothing succeeds, all the above succeed.
    I have experienced in life that -
    to evolve “ A MEANINGFUL SUSTENANCE” one has to mature in life and marinate through ups and downs. Every failure shows a new path of success. One who never fails cannot be innovatively successful. Indulgences are necessary to go beyond the inbuilt bondages. Hence, don’t forget that like a river you shall get kinetic energy once you cross the boulders and the stumbling blocks.
    I have learnt that life is the synergetic outcome of the balanced approach in each sphere. Body, heart, mind and soul- all work in an integrative manner. They all need to be nurtured well. Avoiding extremities is desirable ‘Middle path’ provides the key.
    I have realised in life that there is nothing absolute in life. No one gets everything. No situation remains constant. Hence, “RELATIVITY” becomes the guiding principle. One who can draw relative advantage would end up with smiles. Hence, “PROACTIVE” moves would grant relative advantage over reactive responses.
    I believe that it is important in life to determine a road map and then traverse systematically on it. Focus on destination. Milestones would no more be material.
    I have known that one who makes best use of ‘TIME’ is the winner. Each moment has an ‘OPPORTUNITY COST’. Opportunity cost principle is the crux.

  • Terrorism And Counter Terrorism Strategies - Amended

    ( some‘thought wares’on issues and perspectives)
    Dr A.P. Maheshwari*

    Before zeroing down on counter terrorism (CT) strategies, it would be interesting to glance through the view of various observers that have drawn our attention to the genesis of terrorism. Various premises as well as general comments floated in this context are relevant to guage the under currents, the simmering realities whether perceived or real:
    • War as a rationale for peace has been the pet project of certain super powers. Iraq-Syria- Afghanistan-Turkey-Lebanon-Egypt, all are cited as the glaring examples. ‘There is an elephant in the room and we refuse to see it’.
    • Terrorism per-se is not the real threat as much as it emerges from the pursuit of silent ‘power-games’. There was a ‘good’ Osama who became ‘bad’ Osama. Is that not an indication how the game was being played?
    • Vedic Zihad in East has come in conflict with AbrahimZihad in West,on the issue of supremacy. Shall the respectivecontenders maintain their position or ready to face loss of control?
    • There is no global uniformity of law or strategies in dealing with terrorism. There are sanctuaries of terror in certain countries. The agencies dealing with counter terrorism have their own sub culture, different modus-operandi. How do we control the ‘Terror-trading’ in such a scenerio?
    • The perception of divine mandate, acute injustice or alienation have been used to fuel terrorism. How do we mitigate the lack of proper alignment at global level in handling such outbursts?

    2. There appears to be a persistent debate on the globally acceptable definition of terrorism. Is radicalism per-se an act of terrorism? Are we fighting against a common noun without focusing properly on the terror perpetrators? Terrorist for one is the hero for another. Where do we draw a line as a global community? The declaration of global war since 20/11 episode has evolved some proactive approach. But the question again being raised is whether UN forces are really fighting with the right enemy at the right place? The multi-mode, multi-networked terrorism that stands technologically exported across the globe in form of proxy war, needs a serious consideration in identifying and controlling the terror sponsors. As such, are we gradually heading towards the police or military states (in an environ of state sponsored terrorism) or shall we mobilize civic society to intervene and redefine the domains so as to facilitate a correct diagnosis. Can we afford to ignore the risk of becoming a monster during the process of controlling a monster. The problem with terrorism, as a technique, is that it may go out of the control of terror sponsors and damage the perpetrators themselves besides those who have been the silent sufferers. History is full of many glaring examples to substantiate this point. It still puzzles many thinkers in India the way Pakistan is being assisted and nurtured by US as well as China. One can see strategic interests as well as diplomatic advantages finding their way, brushing aside as well as undermining the normative policies in terror containment. Eventually all are creating their own defencesas well as the CT regimes.

    3. The proxy war strategies also aim at creating digital divide in order to control the mindset of the youth. In addition, getting them addicted to drugs or suchsimilar extremities bears the potential of turning them useless, thus making a dent in the ‘human assets’ of a country. Proxy war has also taken the route of ‘economic dominance’ as a soft tool for the control of a country and creating influence systems to usher in the hidden agendas, where de-jure governments only enjoy geo-controls and de-facts drivers of peace lie elsewhere.

    4. Under such a global scenario, how does one expect the right thinking countries to respond? They also dwindle between the ‘cost of security’ and ‘left over value’amidst the terror onslaughts. They keep trying to fetch all the countries on the same page and oppose reconciliation with terror groups at any cost. Within the domain of individual efforts, however, there have been certain success models where ‘Military-Victory’ has been translated into ‘Civic-Victory’. Where such a conversion does not take place, civic population has been seen to be subjected tovaried controls by opportunistic power groups and their manipulations, in terms of lethality as well as economic debacle. In dealing with terrorism, therefore, increasing reliance is being placed on civic society, the actual centre of gravity. Zihad of any type, therefore, sells when the civic society is not matured and wars of perception rule the roost. Wars of perception, thus, prove to be more fatal then war of guns.

    5. Having seen various facets and derivative notions on the empirical formats of terrorism, experts feel that the solution may lie in following domains-

    • A common frame of reference for all countries across the globe(where trust and confidence is otherwise a rare commodity). Anorganized global response without any hidden agenda, therefore, holds the key.
    • Equality of faith, equality before law, equality before society,economic equality and finally, the gender equality. In other words, a good democraticset up would prove to be effective (not forgetting that negativeperceptions of governance often breed terrorism).
    • A soft CT approach in terms of education, skill enhancement,psychological training, creativity enhancement, socio-culturalemancipation and economic growth.
    • Evolvingthe multiple centres of gravity through right ideology, policy, agenda and strategy. In other words, try applying theory of conflict to conflict itself.

    These suggestive solution domains imply that there is a need for proper political handling of terrorism. Uniform global laws against terrorism and zero tolerance approach, alongwith clear definition on terrorism, mayin long run usher us to higher equilibrium levels of peace and prosperity.

    6. In so far as individual efforts by the countries are concerned, security models of certain countries in mission mode do provide dynamic solutions. In India too, agencies have adopted certain congruent strategies. However, one can safely zero down upon the core areas that need to be congruently captured:

    • Technologically integrated processes for access control, anti sabotage and anti subversion drills.
    • National identification data base for each individual physically present in the country.
    • Integrated data base for all financial, commercial, professional and estate related activities, including usage of various transportation mode, health and public services. Hence, steps in the direction of creating a proper network for the coverage of individuals operating on any grid in the country.
    • Intelligence set up that supports multi mode and multi networked coverage as well as dissemination.
    • Capacity enhancement and integrative empowerment of enforcement agencies in terms of their operational synergy, multi-tasking skill enhancement, shared technological support and logistics.
    • Participating modules appropriately integrating the civic society in this mission.

    However, different countries have attained different level ofoptimalities owing to limitation of resources, conflicting interests under federal structure, distorted values and limitations of the agency specific sub-culture. In fact, Indian effortstoo have suffered on the above count to some extent. At places, synergetic response of agencies is still found lacking in some respect and coordination itself becomes a challenge.

    7. Hence, journey from macro to micro level takes one through many facets, different agendas and power games. We keep evolving neo equilibriums as we traverse ahead with no last milestone in the sight.

    *Writer is ADG BSF. These views are personal. He belongs to IPS-84 batch.

  • Society which honours its Heroes produces more Heroes

    Society which honours its Heroes produces more heroes!
    Dr. A.P. Maheshwari, IPS
    DG, BPR&D

    Standing up proud and strong, at an altitude of 16000 ft. at the Hot Springs in Ladakh The Martyr’s Memorial is a constant reminder to celebrate the great sacrifice of the CRPF Jawans, a saga of bravery dating back to the 21st of October 1959 which changed the very course of history, bringing the Nation together on a higher pedestal of values, that are so imperative to keep the nation strong and safe. The memorial also emblematises the sanctity of its purpose, the sacrifice which almost touches on the spiritual echelons, making our heroes the emissaries of godliness.

    What makes the Forces unique, different from others is that, its members take an oath to make the supreme sacrifice, that is, to be always ready to lay down their lives, on the altar of duty and remain committed accordingly, in the entire course of their service. As per the data released upto 31.08.2017, more than 34,000 police personnel have made this supreme sacrifice in the service of the Nation. An average rate over a period of time may not be truly reflective of the incidence of attrition on this count, however, in recent yearsthe number of those who have attained martyrdom has been around 1000 per annum. In an era of proxy war, where direct war across geographic boundaries has become a remote possibility, the challenges of policing, call for a far more intensified and specialised response from police agencies. The low intensity conflict zones have also made it imperative to generate cogent counter responses. Despite the best of capacity building, the initial ‘surprise-advantage’ with an adversary still fetches casualties from the fighting police forces. Armed war within the internal human terrain of the country necessitates an altogether different strategy in contrast to the war that takes place across national boundaries. So much so the gravity of the risk is not the nature of the threat per se, but the lack of our capacity to tackle the same. It is pertinent to raise this point here as real obeisance to the martyrs doesn’t only mean to remember and glorify them and take on the responsibility to look after their families but also to effectively handle and curb the future risks in terms of our capacity deficits. We may address this issue in a holistic manner. The leaders of the police forces have to proactively predict the policing challenges amidst the environmental dynamism that has acquired geographical progression, and accordingly build capacities in terms of the necessary tools, techniques and support systems and of course a good supervisory climate.

    The opportunity cost of such sacrifices can’t ever be evaluated as they have an enormous value in terms of our National security. However, the sacrifices that could be avoided owing to better risk management call for a deliberation as those martyred brave hearts could have otherwise contributed so much more in nation building in their life span.

    Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi in his address to all the Directors General had raised two relevant issues and put forth his much adored vision. One being, making the police forces SMART and second, extolling the dignity of our heroes who had made the supreme sacrifice of lying down. SMART police initiatives would not only mitigate the capacity deficits or make the forces more competent to negotiate the risks, but also generate positive synergy with our civic society by bringing them operationally as well as emotionally closer. Hence, our real homage to our Martyrs would then culminate on a much appropriate scale if we were to work with a more sincere consideration in these domains. Further, Hon’ble PM had not only requested all the forces to document the relevant details of our martyrs but also to make these details available on the websites of various forces. All the schools where Martyrs had studied, too, were approached to place a photo and citation of the sacrifice of martyrs. Nominees of respective forces were asked to visit annually and hold a programme there. Such multipronged scheme would definitely fetch the desired results. It not only would impress the students to tread a path of pride, bravery and sacrifice but would also enthral the self-esteem of the families of martyrs.

    Hon’ble Home Minister, with the support of the MHA, has taken a step further to launch a website ‘Bharat Ke Veer’, where the community can also join hands with the Government in looking after the families of our martyrs in terms of financial support. As on date, ‘not less than a crore should be the financial assistance to the family of a martyr’ is the motto. What is important is, not the amount of the financial aid extended but the spirit and the vision. It may in times to come grow further in terms of context as well as content.

    However, all the concerned officers of the forces feel that mere financial support would not be enough. Domestic empowerment, skill generation, re-employment, education of the NOKs etc. still remain viable vectors yet to be effectively managed. Accordingly, the forces have drawn conducive plans and viable schemes in these directions too to achieve the desired outcomes.

    As we commemorate the 60th year of the course changing saga of supreme sacrifice at Hot Springs, we need to take a holistic view. It is a subject matter which needs to be delicately handled with utmost sincerity and genuine concern. When a survey says that, majority of the Nations, during the World Wars did not face devastation because of external aggression but due to their weak internal security, the underlining wisdom then, is to have, a relook, a sincere rethink on the type of policing that is the need of the hour. If we can’t evolve a viable format of policing even now, then the sacrifice of our martyrs would stand eclipsed to that extent. However, we must remain proud of the fact that the Nation adorns its Heroes who have made the supreme sacrifice. There is and will never be any dearth of courageous men in uniform.

    We must also motivate our youth,by instilling in them the right values. The Nationwide launch of the Student Police Cadet Programme by the Union Home Minister, with the support of the MHA, BPR&D and all the Stateswould definitely provide a stable platform to realise our dreams of a strong IS grid in the country with the best of synergy levels between People and the Police. A neo police culture must emerge with a service orientation people friendly police. We must break the self-created silos and unburden ourselves of the legacies which make us redundant and out of context. The sacrifice of our martyrs has to be evenly matched with the sacrifice we can make as conscientious cops. And that would be the befitting tribute to our heroes, i.e. our Martyrs!

    Those who have laid down their lives for the Nation have not only left eternal imprints on the timelines but have also left behind an agenda, a road map that can further enrich our destiny.

    Salute to our Martyrs.
    “One crowded hour of glorious life is worth an age without a name.”

  • Feed Back on Kashmir

    Elections are not going to make a dent in the state of J&K. In Kashmir valley no one is going to participate. Voting generally takes place in far flung areas. In the towns mostly sponsored or dedicated supporters of participating parties come to vote in the chartered vehicles of the Political parties.

    Election in Leh Ladakh and Jammu is possible. Separatist groups have already given a boycott call. If the military might is used to twist arms for electioneering in the state then the fight will be taken deep inside the galis and mohallas where SFs seldom visit. Marking of houses based on the experience of last elections have been done and as soon someone comes out of his house he will be warned loud and strong.

    In fact holding the election will be a great fiasco and it will prove to be counterproductive in the sense that in front of the international media the claims of India will fall belied. Separatists will be the one greatly benefited by that.

    PDP general secretary Nizamuddin Bhat said that the polarization, breakdown of state’s authority, alienation of people and continuing agitation in Kashmir do not augur well for free and fair elections in the state. Mob fury is a major threat to normal political activity in the state today.”

    Bhat, however, said that in case the Commission ignored his party’s advice and held the elections in November, “the PDP would chart its next course of action.” Sources said the party was even ready for a boycott as leaders feared a drubbing in these elections. All ranks and files in the party know it well that the elections are not happening and there is no need to prepare for that and no expenditure on that account is required as of now.

    The National Conference Party president Omar Abdullah told the Commission to “evaluate the international repercussions of a low voter turnout before deciding the dates of the elections”.

    NC patron Farooq Abdullah told his partymen in Srinagar that “elections had to be faced come what may”. Sources said Farooq had been a staunch supporter of early elections as he believed this to be the only way to “fight the separatists in the Valley”.

    Position of Sikh Community: Reiterating that right to self-determination was the only solution to Kashmir dispute, the Shiromani Akali Dal has said the elections in Jammu and Kashmir were a futile exercise till people were given the right to decide their future. Addressing a press conference, president of the SAD, Simranjit Singh said, “Elections will give rise to the same puppet government and administration. So until the Kashmir issue is resolved, holding elections won’t make any difference to Kashmir and Kashmiris.” Singh said the Kashmir issue must be resolved as per the wishes and aspirations of the people of Kashmir. “I reiterate that the UN must immediately consider Kashmir as a UN Trust Territory and ensure that people are given the basic right to self-determination,” he said. On reported visit of the Israeli Army chief to the Valley, Simranjit said it was unfortunate that India was allowing “war perpetrators” to visit Kashmir but barring organisations like Amnesty and ICRC to take stock of the human rights violations in the Valley. He said the economic blockade to the Valley by fanatics in Jammu was aimed to carry out “economic genocide” of the people. “Goons of Shiv Sena and Bajrang Dal have been given free hand to commit atrocities on Kashmiris and the minority community in Jammu,” Simranjit said. Describing India’s national security advisor as an “extra constitutional authority,” Simranjit said his statement that Sheikh Abdul Aziz was not killed by security forces was far from truth. “The NSA is not answerable to any constitutional authority,” he said. “It is shame on the government of India that it was issuing such baseless and irresponsible statements.” Simranjit strongly condemned the killing of unarmed civilians in the Valley by police, CRPF and Army. “Arresting pro-freedom leaders negated India’s claim that it is a secular country,” he said. “The Indian Army, CRPF and police must be taken to task for committing atrocities on people of Kashmir. Let India issue a statement in this regard.” Simranjit said the Jehlum Valley Road and Lahore-Punjab roads must be thrown open for traffic, not symbolically but for permanent free movement of trade and goods.

    By adopting this stand the Sikhs in the Valley got better grounds than ever before. They are feeling safe and secure now. This community will also not participate in elections in the valley.

    Mr. Sajjad Lone, President of Peoples conference was critical of the role of the militant commanders across the border. "People who have abandoned the battlefield in Kashmir have no right to dictate about dos and don'ts." Kashmiris were not ready to accept dictates from deserters and fugitives. Hover, ruling out participation in the elections, he said the announcement of elections was a snub to the efforts of the international community in resolving the Kashmir issue.

    On the whole people are not ready to participate. Elections carry no meaning unless the common people cast their votes. Elections will be mostly boycotted; it’s only the far flung areas where people may vote, but in small numbers.

    NOTE : Because of perceived advantage in Jammu by BJP, they are in favour of elections.

  • Work Environment